Honeybees live as a colony by the thousands. They have a social structure, with each bee having a role in the preservation of the colony. Their collective efforts enable them to build the hive, collect enough nectar and pollen for the whole colony, and raise their young.
I may add also that in handling bees, the beekeeper needs to make sure he is protected at all times with the use of protective gear.
Honeybees only use their stingers when they feel threatened, but a beekeeper is considered an intruder and must therefore protect himself using the hat and veil, beekeeping suit, and gloves.
A beekeeper can also use a smoker as added protection.
The bees react to the smoke as they would in the presence of fire by preparing to evacuate. The smoke also covers the pheromone that guard bees emit at the presence of an intruder.
Another equipment that the beekeeper needs is what he uses in collecting the honey.
Or you can visit this site for more info. :) http://www.safebeekeeping.com/keeping-bees/