28 Ways to Save Water
your Bathroom, Laundry and Kitchen
Be water wise and learn
about ways to
save water. Not only in order to live a more greener life, but also in
order to cut your water bills and live more economically.
Where do you use your
water? In a typical household 35–55 % of water is used outdoors,
30–37 % in the bathroom, 10–13 % in the laundry, 9–13 % in the kitchen
and 1–10 % is due to leakage. Up to 16 % of household water is
down the toilet. That's a lot of water!
Therefore, in order to start saving water in your home you should first
see where the leakages are and then look at trying to change some old
habits that are causing you costs.
Ways to save Water in your Bathroom and be Water Wise
Ways to save Water when using
your Toilet and be Water Wise
- Unnecessary flushing
is one of the biggest wasters of water. Don’t flush needlessly, and
never flush items other than waste and toilet paper down the toilet.
- Use the half-flush option on dual-flush toilets.
- Replace your
older-style toilet with a 4-star dual-flush system. This can save you
up to 8 liters of water with every flush.
- If this is not
practical, try reducing the volume of water you use
with each flush.
You can do this by installing a flow restrictor or by
putting a bottle
filled with water in the cistern.
- Use tank
water to flush. Talk to your plumber about having your rainwater tank
internally plumbed to your toilet.
Ways to save
Water and be Waterwise with Showers
shower can use 20 litres of water per minute. For saving water using
shower, try the following
- Install a
water-efficient shower head. A 3-star rated shower head will use no
more than 9 litres of water per minute.
- Take a shorter shower.
Shorter showers will not only save water but will help to save on the
energy associated with heating the water.
- Insulate your hot
water pipes. This means you will not need to wait as long for the hot
water to flow through—saving you both water and energy.
- Make sure
your hot water system thermostat is not set too high. Adding cold water
to reduce the temperature of very hot water wastes both water and
- Use a bucket to catch water while the shower warms up. You
reuse this water on your garden.
Ways to save
Water and be Waterwise with Basins
For saving water using
baths and basins:
- Use a plug
when washing your hands and face.
- Turn off the tap while cleaning your teeth or shaving.
- Use as little water as
possible in the bath. Put the plug in before you turn on the tap and fi
ll the bath to less than a third. You may also like to bath small
Ways to save Water with your Laundry and be Waterwise
The laundry is a place where you not only use a lot of water but you
also use energy and detergents.
are some other changes you can make to your laundry habits and more
ways to save water and be waterwise:
- The best way to save water in the laundry is to make sure
select the right washing machine. Select one that has a water rating of
4 stars or more. This will usually mean a front-loading washing
machine. On average, front-loading washing machines use up to 50 per
cent less water, 35 per cent less detergent and 30 per cent less energy
than top loaders.
- If you stop using your washing machine every day, you can
wash bigger loads more efficiently.
- Pre-treat stains before you wash. This will reduce the
chances of having to rewash.
- Make sure that everyone picks up and sorts the clothes they
wear each day. That way, clean clothes won’t get washed just because
they are left lying on the floor.
- If you are washing clothes by hand, use only as much water
need in the sink or bucket. Reuse this water in your garden.
- Divert greywater from
your washing machine for immediate use on your garden, but don’t use it
on your vegetables. Also consider using biodegradable, low-phosphorous,
low-sodium and low-nitrogen detergents, which are
better for the garden.
Ways to save Water in your Kitchen
There are many ways to
save water in the kitchen. Did you know that a 5-star water-efficient
dishwasher uses as little as 7 litres of water? This means that a
water-efficient dishwasher will use less water than washing dishes by
hand. You can save even more water by thinking about how
you use your
For Saving water in the
- Only use the dishwasher when you have a full load.
- Scrape your plates clean instead of pre-rinsing your dishes
tap. Non-water efficient dishwashers can use up to 25 litres of water a
cycle. If you have this type of dishwasher, you will save more water if
you wash your dishes by hand. If you hand-wash your dishes, don’t rinse
them under running water. A running kitchen tap can use up to 15 litres
of water a minute.
- If you have two sinks, half-fill the second with rinsing
water. If you only have one sink, rinse the washed dishes in a pan of
- Don’t use running water to wash your vegetables or to
defrost food. Instead, wash your vegetables in a bowl and place your
frozen food in the fridge to thaw overnight.
- Scrape your dishes and soak your pots and pans to remove
food rather than rinsing them under running water.
- Garbage disposal units can use up to 6 litres of water a
day and also put extra rubbish into the sewage. Rather than putting
your food scraps down the drain, put
them into a compost heap or start
- Encourage your children to empty their water bottles onto
your garden or pot plants instead of down the sink.
Ways to save Water by Checking for Leaks and be Waterwise
A lot of water around the home can be lost because of leaking pipes and
dripping taps. Just one slowly dripping tap can waste 9000 litres of
water a year, while a visibly leaking toilet can waste more than 60 000
- Make sure that you turn all your taps off properly, check
repair leaking taps, and check washers for wear and tear.
- You can check if your toilet is leaking by putting a little
colouring in the tank. If the food colouring appears in the bowl
without flushing, have the cistern repaired immediately.
To find out if you have
a leak in your pipes, turn off all taps and make sure that nobody will
be using any water.
Check your water meter and make a note of the
reading. Recheck the meter after at least one hour. If the reading has
changed, you may have a leak. This needs to be found and fixed.
Department of Environment and Resouce Management
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