Growing Hazelnuts -
Information on How to Grow Hazelnuts
good annual rainfall is also
required, at least 750mm is needed, with most of this falling during
the growing season. Hazelnuts need a good, steady supply of water to
promote deep root growth and healthy development. If water is withheld,
even for a short period, the plant will show immediate signs of stress.
Hazelnuts will tolerate a wide range of
soils but prefer a fertile, well-drained, slightly acid, deep
Hazelnuts grow well in areas that
experience cold winters without severe frost. In areas with a late
spring frost, the emerging nuts will be badly affected.
Growing Hazelnuts and Fertilization
Hazelnuts bear separate
male and female flowers on the same tree and they are wind pollinated.
However, they are unable to self-pollinate because male and female
flowering times do not overlap. Therefore 2 or more trees should be
planted close together to ensure that you get as many hazelnuts as
possible during the cropping season.
Growing Hazelnuts - Planting and Care
Plant the young hazelnut
saplings in early winter to allow for new roots to form before buds
start to grow. Space them out 6x6 meters. However, if you have a small
area you can get away with planting them 6 x 3 meters.
Hazelnuts can be grown
either as a tree with a single trunk or as a multi-stemmed bush where
suckers are allowed to grow freely.
If you want to grow the
plant as a tree you will need to prune the suckers several time during
its growth in order to train it into a single trunk.
During the winter
you will need to continue to cut the suckers off close to the ground.
Cut trees back to about half a meter and trim off the side shoots,
leaving 3-5 permanent limbs well-spaced down and around the
Large pruning cuts should be avoided as
trees are susceptible to wood
rot. Threat large cuts with a natural fungicide and a tree wound
The nuts are borne on
one-year old wood and therefore you should avoid heavy pruning.
Trees respond to an annual
application of liquid fertilizer that should be applied in late winter.
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