Garden pest control advice with homemade insecticide recipes using
natural, organic ingredients found in your kitchens.
Whether you have a garden, homestead or just a balcony container
garden, you will at some time or other, be invaded by garden pests. The
most common being aphids and scale.
Before you rush out and buy
commercial pesticides and insecticides, look at your kitchen pantry for
readily available ingredients that will give you a natural
that will protect your vegetables and your family from any harmful
chemicals that you would have used, had you not.
aware that in some countries, like the UK,
it is illegal to make
homemade insecticide or pesticide recipes.
So always check with
your local council to stay
on the right side of the law.
Also make sure that when you are making your homemade insecticides that
you do so in such a way so as not to harm beneficial insects such as
earthworms, or the
Some Advice on Applying your Natural Garden Pest
In using a mixture for
the first time against your garden pests it is advisable to try it on
plant only, and the worst of the plants affected.
If the preparation is too strong, you will know soon enough by the
state of the plant within twenty-four hours; thus a little caution may
prevent a great loss.
Another good rule is to
employ the several natural pesticide recipes in
a rather weak state until you have gained experience in these things,
as not only has the strength of the recipe to be considered, but the
management of the plant before and after it is administered.
For garden pest control to be effective is very important to
be thorough in the cleansing of plants,
because they will be greatly affected by the attacks of insects, and
should be either cleaned well, or burned if the
outbreak is very severe and beyond help. If you don't treat your
the infection will spread.
Garden Pest Control for Aphids, Mealy Bugs, Scale, Thrips and
cup rubbing alcohol
1 quart liquid soap
Mix directly into a
spray container. Do not spray in direct sunlight as
leaf damage may occur. Spray, then let sit for 20 minutes. Spray plant
down with clear water to reduce foliage damage. Spray every 3 days for
Alcohol sprays is a natural pest control effective on aphids, mealy
bugs, scale insects,
thrips and whitefly.
Garden Pest Control for Woolly Aphids
This natural pest
control using nasturtiums
is effective against woolly aphids.
Mix 1 cup
nasturtium leaves with 1 cup of water. Simmer together on top of stove
in an old pot for about 15 minutes. Cool and strain. Dilute with equal
parts mixture to water. Spray where needed.
Recipe using Nicotine to get rid of Aphids
1 cup liquid dish soap
1 cup antiseptic mouthwash
1 cup chewing tobacco
juice (Place 3 fingers of chewing tobacco in an
old nylon stocking and soak in a gallon of hot water until mixture
turns dark brown.)
Put mixture into a 20 gallon sprayer and fill the rest of the container
with warm water. Spray on vegetables and plants every alternate week.
Homemade Insecticide Recipe to get Rid of Aphids
Take a handful of pipe or rolling tobacco into a gallon of water. Give
it a stir and leave it for 24 hours. Then dilute it until it is a pale
brown color. Spray the solution on to the affected plants, and you will
find that any aphids on your plants will die off very quickly.
Do not spary on potatoes, tomatoes, peppers, egg plants or any other
members of the Solanaceae
family, as the tobacco spray will kill them too.
Insecticide Recipe to Rid of Aphids
In some countries lantana has been banned as it is seen as a noxious
weed. However, this organic spray is effective against aphids.
Boil 4 cups of lantana leaves in 4 cups of water. Boil for 20 minutes
and spray on plants.
Garden Pest Control against Sucking Insects and Caterpillars
This homemade insecticide is useful against sucking insects and some
90 g chopped garlic cloves
2 T mineral oil or liquid paraffin
15 g of pure soap or soap flakes
500 ml warm water.
Mix garlic and oil
together and let is steep for 48 hours. Dissolve
grated soap or flakes in warm water and then mix the 2 solutions
together and then strain. Use 1 part mixture to 50 parts water. Spray
This homemade insecticide is effective against the tiny red spider mite.
1/2 cup buttermilk
4 cups flour
20 L water
Mix the buttermilk with the flour and then add the water. Spray over a
2 day period to make sure that the infestation has been successfully
Garden Pest Control for Scale
If you find that your
plants have scale this is the organic insecticide
for you. Take one 1 tablespoon ground mustard seeds and add 20 parts of
water to the seeds. Place in a sprayer and spray the affected plant.
Garden Pest Control against Leaf-Eating Insects, Scale and
insecticide and pesticide is very effective against
any leaf-eating insects and has a limited effect against most
hard-surfaced pests such as shield bugs.
4 bird's eye chilies, chopped (or as hot as you can find)
4 large onions, chopped
2 bulbs garlic, chopped
2 L soapy water
Combine all the
ingredients, including the seeds from the chilies.
Cover with the soapy water and allow to steep for 24 hours. Strain. Add
water to dilute if required and spray. Can be stored in a sealed
container in a dark place for up to 2 weeks.
Garden Pest Control Solutions against most Garden Pests
Pyrethrum and neem
are by far the
most effective organic pest control measures around which kills most
aphids, cabbage loopers, celery leaf tiers,
codling moth, Colarado potato beetles, leafhoppers, Mexican bean
beetles, spider mites, stink bugs, several species of thrips, tomato
pinworms, and whitefly, flies, gnats, mosquitoes and midgies.
As soon as insects come into contact with the pyrethrum spray, they
attacking the nervous system. Neem,
interrupts the sexual cycle of the insects resulting to complete
erradication after several sprayings. See page for further details on
this amazing organic pest control.
Pyrethrum is an African flowering plant
from the chrysanthemum family and is deadly to most insects, and
therefore a highly effective garden pest control ingredient. In
addition, because it is not systemic and is destroyed by UV light, it
deadly to mammals and can be safely sprayed on vegetables and fruit
when picked 12-48 hours after application. Unfortunately, it is also
deadly to good bugs as well, so use with care and only spray on heavily
infested plants as a last resort.
Spray both the upper and lower surfaces of the leaves, because spray
must directly contact the insects such as thrips that hide in leaf
sheaths and crevices. Spray in cooler temperatures as it is more
effective then, evening or late afternoon being ideal. Never use
pyrethrin products around waterways and ponds. And for those of you who
have dermatitis, asthma and sinus you may have an allergic reaction
when using pyrethrum.
Grow your own pyrethrum
from seed, which can be bought from your local
seedman and use the flowers that are in full bloom. The active
ingredient is found in the immature seed. Cut them off early in the
morning and hang upside down to dry and leave in a well-ventilated dark
place to dry. Light will cause the plant to lose its potency. When
dried, grind with a pestle and mortar until you have a fine powder.
Mix 10 gm of pyrethrum powder to 3 litres of water. Let stand for 3
hours in a dark place. Add 1 teaspoon of dish washing liquid as a
fixative just before use.
You can also steep your flowers in a jar filled with boiling water, and
apply after it has cooled down.
However, the best way is to cover the flowers in a container with
brandy, although kerosene and mineral oil will also work but not as
well. Leave this mixture overnight keeping it away from any light.
Strain the liquid and use 1 part liquid to 6 parts water.
To store your flowers place them in a freezer up to 6 months and use
All-Purpose Natural Pest Control Spray Recipe
This is a very effective
general spray that is extremely poisonous,
however unfortunately it is also poisonous to bees so use with care,
and keep out of reach of children.
Boil 1.5 kg rhubarb
leaves in 3.5 L of water, straining and bottling.
Dissolve 100 g soft soap in 2 L of hot water and add to the leaf
mixture when cold.
Use only on ornamental shrubs, and flowers, but NEVER use on herbs or
Garden Pest Control against Aphids and Caterpillars
This is useful against aphids and some caterpillars.
56 g of soap flakes or pure grated soap mixed with 5 L of hot water,
which must be cooled before use.
Garden Pest Control against Asparagus Beetles, Flea Beetles,
Earworms and Maggots
2 cups of chopped tomato leaves
2 pints of water
1/4 tsp of liquid soap
Soak tomato leaves in
water overnight. Strain this mixture then add
another pint of water and liquid soap. Spray foliage and soil as
needed. This spray is effective against asparagus beetles and flea
beetles, ear-worms and maggots.
Pest Control against Scale
Oil is great for
suffocating the eggs and insects, especially in winter
when the eggs are more porous at this time, and the oil more effective
as a method of getting rid of a variety of pests.
White Oil can be
purchased at your local gardening store at great
expense. Or, you can make your own homemade
white oil at a fraction of the cost using the
same simple ingredients!
White oil is particularly effective against scale.
Pour a cup of cooking oil and a few
drops of washing-up detergent into a 1 L plastic bottle.
Add 1/2 cup of water and shake well. Pour 250 ml into a 9 L bucket of
water and mix.
Spray the mixture over and under infested leaves. Use on a cloudy
day. Do not apply on plants when
you have high summer temperatures as the oil will burn the leaves.
Garden Pest Control against Aphids, Snails, Fleas, Flies,
large amount of
wormwood leaves and cover with a bucket of
boiling water. Steep for 3 hours. Dilute, using 1 part mixture to 4
parts water. Allow to cool before using.
Another homemade recipe
for getting rid of fleas
Add a little sulfur to
the dog's drinking water. Another method is to
put 1/2 cup vinegar into the final rinsing water of your dog's bath
water. Another is to boil a large quantity of mint leaves in 2 L of
water. Strain and cool. After washing and rinsing the dog, pour the
cooled mint solution over the dog and allow him to dry off naturally.
Any fleas that remain will leave immediately.
Garden Pest Control against Cane Toads
For those of you who
live in Australia, and particularly Queensland,
you are probably plagued with cane toads. Using them as golf balls in
the dark is not very humane, although a common practice for the
desperate! However, if you fill up a sprayer with pure Dettol and spray
the cane toads directly, they will die almost immediately.
Large numbers can be
rounded up and placed in a bucket and then doused
with Dettol. Not strictly organic but it does work, and I talk from
personal experience! Wear gloves and protective eye-glasses so you are
not affected by their poison yourself.
Garden Pest Control against Fruit Flies
The best way to do this
is to set up fruit fly
traps in the orchard.
These can be made out of jam jars, or old ice cream containers and then
strung up in the tree boughs.
A Homemade Fly Trap
Prepare 300g pulped oranges, 15 g ammonium carbonate (purchase from the
chemist), and add 600 ml water. Mix and fill jars or buckets with the
Natural pest control is always better than toxic insecticides and
pesticides as they usually only target the pest at hand, and are not
harmful to bees and other useful insects.
Natural Pest Control for Greenhouse Pests
Kill off those unwanted greenhouse pests using laurel leaves.
Bash up some laurel leaves so that you bruise them well. Leave them
like that in bowls in either your greenhouse or your coldframes
The bruised laurel leaves give off prussic acid gases which is deadly
to most small insects.
Garden Pest Control for Powdery Mildew
A garden pest of a
different kind. Not one with legs this time, but a pest that can kill
your melons, cucumbers, and the like when it attacks the leaves,
especially in humid weather.
This spray can also be used to prevent the damping off of seedlings
after transplanting them.
Take 1 cup chamomile leaves and place in a non-metal bowl. Add
3 cups of boiling water and allow to steep until cool. Strain. Dilute
with equal parts of mixture to water.
Garden Pest Control against Nematodes
This organic spray
control is effective against nematodes. Dissolve 2
kg sugar in a bucket of water. Drench the soil to kill nematodes.
Molasses can also be used, but don't use honey as this may transmit
disease back to the bees.
Other Resources for Garden Pests and Other Interests
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