mushrooms best results are gained in a dark, cool, draught-free
environment. A shed or cellar is the perfect location, but if you don't
have these try growing them under the stairs, under the house, or in
the bottom of a cupboard. Learn how to grow mushrooms the easy way!
Compost for Growing Mushrooms
The best compost for
is from horse manure or chicken
litter mixed with straw. The correct ratio is using 2 four-gallon drums
1 straw bale.
You will first need to rot your compost down before you can plant the
mushroom spore. And to do that you need to leave your mixed manure and
straw for about 5 days untouched. On the 6th day turn the heap
thoroughly making sure that the outside of the compost
is now on the
inside. Keep turning it in this way for another 5 days for at
least 3 to 4 more time in order for the compost to break down.
You may need to add a little water to the mixture. However,
it must not be saturated and certainly not showing any moisture if you
squeeze some of it out. Remember too much water and you will cool down
the heat of your compost heap and too much and your compost will sour.
If you are growing mushrooms in horse manure this process will take
only 2 weeks before you have the right compost conditions to start
growing mushrooms. But if you are using chicken manure, it can take up
to 4 weeks before the compost is ready for growing mushrooms
When is the Right Season for Growing Mushrooms?
Well, there isn't one. You can grow mushrooms all through the year as
long as provide the right growing conditions.
Preparing your Boxes for
Once your compost is ready place the compost into wooden
boxes that are
between 6 and 8 inches deep.
Take your mushroom spawn and
crumble it up. If it is fresh there will be a white, fluffy layer on
the top and it should have a mushroom smell. Avoid any mushroom spawn
that is black or dark green in color.
Now rub it into the compost and
cover the spawn with about an inch of peat moss or medium loam soil.
Better results are obtained when the soil is inert as it encourages the
spawn to spread rather than to grow up. Inert soil can be created by
heating it up or taking bare ground and burning paper on the top of
Add a little lime to the soil as this will further help with
growing mushrooms successfully.
Growing Mushrooms and Watering Them
Water should never be given to your mushrooms in the first 4 weeks as
there is enough moisture in the provided compost. If you end up
over-watering your mushrooms they will die. They like moist or damp
conditions, but not sodden ones.
If you are growing mushrooms in temperatures above 60 F then you should
start watering lightly after the 4 week period. If your temperature is
below this, then you should delay watering for another 2-4 weeks.
you find that your soil is drying out too quickly then you can solve
this problem by placing a damp Hessian sack over the top of the
Growing Mushrooms and How to
After planting the mushroom
spawn within 6-12 weeks your mushrooms will
start to appear depending on the temperature and growing conditions.
Within 5-7 days of growth they are ready to be harvested.
If your soil is on the dry side your mushrooms could take a little
longer to appear. For the next 3-4 months you should be able to enjoy a
steady supply of homegrown mushrooms! You can expect about 2 pounds of
mushrooms per square foot of compost.
When you want to harvest them it is better to pull them out rather than
cutting them. You can harvest them all at once, and then replace the
bag after a light watering and wait for the next flush of mushrooms to
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