Farming organically is a term that has been grossly misrepresented. It is not just a form of agricultural practice that uses compost, crop rotation and shuns modern chemicals and pesticides, and using natural pesticides and insecticides. Farming organically is more than that. It is a highly structured practice, conforming to very detailed production standards, which hopefully, if fulfilled will result in organic certification.
First and foremost, Organic Farming is monitored by an international body set up in 1972 - The International Federation of Organic Agricultural Movement (IFOAM). And I quote from their website: "The role of organic agriculture, whether in farming, processing, distribution, or consumption, is to sustain and enhance the health of ecosystems and organisms from the smallest in the soil to human beings."
Therefore, what we are talking about
Eco-Agriculture and the key word here is health.
Farming organically does not entertain genetically modified foods,
battery-raised animals, additives to animal feed, or anything that is
artificial in any way in agricultural practices.
So let us look at each principle individually.
People are concerned about food safety, particularly in light of the fact that there is serious concern that modern Agri-Farming practices that are not organic, have caused food allergies, asthma, and heart disease through artificial additives and chemical fertilizers that we ingest. Worse still there are diseases directly linked to irresponsible farming practices that ignore common sense. Bovine spongiform encephalopathy appears to have been caused by feeding cows, that are naturally herbivores, the remains of other cattle and bone meal in order to increase weight and early slaughter.
See our page on 4 reasons why you
should be growing
organic strawberries regarding all the chemical sprays and
are administered to this fruit.
What happens to your soil when it is healthy? It is filled with micro-organisms and those beautiful earthworms that delight the heart of those who care and produce wonderful vermicompost. Once you go worm farming and have earthworms in your soil you know that you are doing something right.
Remember too that organic farm methods mean you need to rest your soil and to use crop-rotation effectively. When you have a field at rest plant a cover crop, such as rye grass as a temporary planting in autumn. This protects the soil from wind and water erosion and adds organic matter. You can also grow cover crops such as legumes for soil improvement, called green manure crops, and are often left in place for six months to a year. Legumes are especially efficient because they "fix" nitrogen from the air into the soil.
In England more and more farmers are replanting hedgerows on their farms as they now realize how important they are. Many animals and insects use these hedges as part of their ecosystem, therefore when the hedgerows were removed, these little animals and insects then lost their natural shelters and an imbalance on the ecosystem resulted in an influx on insects that were unwelcome. They are also excellent wind-breakers and hold the soil in place to prevent soil erosion.
Animal rearing has always been controversial with the implementation of factory farming. Factory farming is inhumane where animals are kept in confined and overcrowded spaces, and in poor conditions where they maim each other just to fight for space and life. Animals have to be reared justly, and given open spaces to live. It acknowledges that there has to be a link between the animal and the soil and that their welfare and veterinary care is vital.
We need to care! This is the only planet that we have! It is also the only life we have, this is not a dress-rehearsal. This is the main event.
Some books you may enjoy on Farming Organically. Feel free to browse.
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