Companion Planting for
Vegetables, Herbs, Garden Flowers and Plants
Planting for vegetables,
and flowers is the idea that some plants have a beneficial effect on
others growing nearby and other plants have a detrimental influence.
This is an ancient idea that was seen during the times of the Romans,
and perhaps even before then.
One only has to look at the old-age
North American agriculture of planting corn,
beans and squash together.
Corn grows tall,
trying to steal as much sun as possible and taking out a lot of
nitrogen from the soil. Beans grow up the stalks of the corn looking
for the sun too, but putting nitrogen back into the soil.
squash at the same time does well on the conditions and grows and
spreads on the ground growing and harvested long after the harvest of
the beans and the corn. Therefore, by inter-cropping, or companion
planting, you have been
able to grow 3 different vegetables in the same
space as you would one.
Companion Planting for Deterring Insects
Although many will disregard companion
see it as old wives' tales, many plants, flowers and herbs do defend
themselves against insects by being
poisonous to them
or developing a strong scent that frightens them away, and it is
possible that a plant growing close by might benefit from being in this
bug-free zone. So, although companion planting is also mixed up in
folklore, there is also an element of fact and this method can be
happily adopted by those who practice organic gardening.
For example, French
marigolds (Tagetes patula) secrete an enzyme or a hormone
the soil that deters nematodes from infesting their roots, and it does
seem that tomatoes
or other nematode susceptible plants growing as neighbors will be
protected. It may be significant that most of these beneficent plants
are strongly aromatic.
Planting dill with
tomatoes will attract
the tomato worm for you. Interplanting your tomatoes with
basil is done because basil will help repel the tomato hornworm.
will take care of cabbage white butterfly caterpillars and great for
repelling white fly. They are also good for planting under apple trees
to get rid of colding
are planted among cucumbers
for protection against the cucumber beetle and the Mexican bean beetle.
Planting tansy among your cucumbers will also send the cucumber beetles
rid of the Colorado potato beetle, and catnip and
repelling the green peach aphids.
If you want to get rid of aphids then you will need to interplant with sow thistle , stinging nettles
or broad beans .
Planting chives will also repel aphids.
will help trap harlequin
bugs, and potatoes, calendula
are good for earwigs.
Rue is good
for Japanese beetles as is white geraniums.
Herbs too have been known to repel
certain insects. Southernwood
is good for repelling
the cabbage butterfly and tobacco
for flea beetles.
Companion Planting for Benefiting other Plants
Many times, planting certain plants
together is also
for practical reasons. Planting lettuce
next to corn
means that the
lettuces can be shaded during hot summers.
When you plant cabbages
in the late summer, at the same time, and in the same bed, you can also
Where cabbages will use of a lot of nutrients, and where the cabbages
will be harvested in the autumn, the garlic will continue growing until
the following summer resulting in good crops for both.
cabbages will protect them against the cabbage worm
planted near carrots will
help also deter the presence of carrot rust flies.
when planted next to Chervil
benefit from the shade the herb casts, and the result is
radishes that are not woody at all.
heavy feeders and therefore it is advisable to companion plant it with
something less greedy. Therefore mustard
is a perfect companion.
Companion Planting for Attracting good Insects
You may be surprised to learn that companion herbs
can be planted with good effect.
dandelion that some see as a scourge in
the garden should
think again. It is now known that dandelions attract pollinating
Furthermore, they also release ethylene which is a gas that encourages
fruit setting and fruit ripening.
corriander and parsley
are all good for attracting beneficial insects into the garden. The
pollen they provide make them wonderful bee plants, but in addition
they also attract parasitic wasps that prey on insect pests. These
plants should be planted throughout the garden at regular intervals as
many of these wasps are tiny and fly only over short distances.
also known as cilantro is
will attract beneficial insects like baraconid wasps, hover flies and
lacewings. Mint attracts hover flies
attracts braconid wasps, hover flies, lacewings,
attracts insidious flower flies, lacewings, ladybirds,
ladybirds and parasitic wasps.
hoverflies also feed on pollen. By allowing these plants to go to
seed, not only are you keeping the insect population in check, but you
seeds at the same time for next planting season.
Other Good Companion Plants:
attracts hover flies,
ladybirds and spiders.
buckwheat attracts a whole
host of good bugs; hover flies,
lacewings, ladybirds, minute pirate bugs, predatory wasps and tachinid
alyssum attracts braconid
wasps, chalcids and hover flies.
||HOW IT ALL WORKS
|Having Deep Roots
||Brings nutrients to the surface, benefiting other
||Comfrey, Jerusalem artichoke, dandelion.
|Enriching the Soil
Build up of minerals in leaves. Excrete material from
Plants add nitrogen to the soil.
Comfrey, dandelion and stinging
Marigolds’ root exudate is fatal to nematodes.
Beans excrete mycorrhiza, which benefits plant roots.
Peas & peas ‘fix nitrogen’.
||Oil in some plants has fragrance that repels insects.
||Garlic, pyrethrum and rosemary
||Flowers attract pollinators, increasing yields.
||Yellow and blue flowers attract bees eg. blue borage.
|Attracting Other Predators
||Plants attract other predators to the pests that attack
|| Parsley, celery and carrot family attract hover flies.
larvae consume aphids, when in seed.
||Planting close together causes camouflage of odor and
||Pennyroyal camouflages cabbage smell and celery
GOOD COMPANION PLANTING for VEGETABLES and HERBS
with tomatoes and parsley
Beans with carrots,
cauliflower, cucumbers, cabbage, celery, potatoes and sweetcorn
Broad Beans with
potatoes, and intercrop with spinach
with onion, dwarf beans and kohlrabi
Borage with strawberries
and Cabbage with dill, potatoes,
sage, rosemary and
peppermint and spearmint
with lettuce, chives, peas, aided by dill in
early stages, but dill must be removed before it flowers. Carrot fly
repelled by onions, leeks, rosemary, wormwood, and sage
celery, lad's love, rosemary, pennyroyal
leeks - plant in
alternate rows, and scarlet runner beans
Celery with beans
Onions and chives when
interplanted with carrots repel both
onion and carrot
fly without competing for nutrients below the soil.
Good to plant with roses to keep away aphids
peas, melons, squash, pumpkins, cucumbers
with corn, cabbages, chives, marjoram, oregano,
nasturtiums, nettles, tansy, horseradish, lad's love, and
apples, apricots and peaches
with mulberries and mustard greens,
hyssop, elm trees and tansy
cabbages and grapes
Kale - cabbage
repelled by tomatoes, sage, rosemary, hyssop, thyme, mint, wormwood,
daffodils and beans
cabbages and other
turnips. Also winter savory and chamomile (1 plant every 4 yards).
cucumbers, onions, sweetcorn, beans
with beans, sweet corn,
marigolds, eggplant and horseradish
cabbage, peas, marigolds
chives, lupins, mignonette and marigolds
- Spinach with
with beans, lettuce, borage and
nettles, basil, cabbage, parsley, French
and cucumbers. When you plant tomatoes with
broccoli, etc.)they help reduce the pest
both types of
Turnips with peas
PLANTING FOR VEGETABLES
potatoes. Do not
store with carrots
fennel, early potatoes
with peas and beans
with all beans and peas as inhibits growth
with tomatoes and sunflowers
with potatoes and blackberries
Beans with beets
vegetable but squash
with fennel, potatoes and kohlrabi
with just about
So next time you are
flowers choose their neighbors carefully. When looking at people some
neighbors are helpful, beneficial and nice to have around. Others are
spawned in Hell and do untold damage. Make sure that the next time you
plant out, you choose good neighbors for your flowers and vegetables!
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