Companion Planting for Vegetables, Herbs, Garden Flowers and Plants

Companion Planting for vegetables, herbs and flowers is the idea that some plants have a beneficial effect on others growing nearby and other plants have a detrimental influence. This is an ancient idea that was seen during the times of the Romans, and perhaps even before then.

One only has to look at the old-age tradition of North American agriculture of planting corn, beans and squash together. Corn grows tall, trying to steal as much sun as possible and taking out a lot of nitrogen from the soil. Beans grow up the stalks of the corn looking for the sun too, but putting nitrogen back into the soil.

Planting squash at the same time does well on the conditions and grows and spreads on the ground growing and harvested long after the harvest of the beans and the corn. Therefore, by inter-cropping, or companion planting, you have been able to grow 3 different vegetables in the same space as you would one.

Companion Planting for Deterring Insects

Although many will disregard companion planting and see it as old wives' tales, many plants, flowers and herbs do defend themselves against insects by being poisonous to them or developing a strong scent that frightens them away, and it is possible that a plant growing close by might benefit from being in this bug-free zone. So, although companion planting is also mixed up in folklore, there is also an element of fact and this method can be happily adopted by those who practice organic gardening.

For example, French marigolds (Tagetes patula) secrete an enzyme or a hormone into the soil that deters nematodes from infesting their roots, and it does seem that tomatoes or other nematode susceptible plants growing as neighbors will be protected. It may be significant that most of these beneficent plants are strongly aromatic.

Planting dill with your tomatoes will attract the tomato worm for you. Interplanting your tomatoes with basil is done because basil will help repel the tomato hornworm. nasturtiums for companion planting

Planting nasturtiums will take care of cabbage white butterfly caterpillars and great for repelling white fly. They are also good for planting under apple trees to get rid of colding moth .

Nasturtiums are planted among cucumbers for protection against the cucumber beetle and the Mexican bean beetle. Planting tansy among your cucumbers will also send the cucumber beetles packing!

Nasturtiums and tansy help get rid of the Colorado potato beetle, and catnip and nasturtiums for repelling the green peach aphids.


If you want to get rid of aphids then you will need to interplant with
sow thistle , stinging nettles or broad beans . Planting chives will also repel aphids.

Sunflowers
will help trap harlequin bugs, and potatoes, calendula daisies are good for earwigs.

Rue is good for Japanese beetles as is white geraniums.

Herbs too have been known to repel certain insects.
Southernwood is good for repelling the cabbage butterfly and tobacco for flea beetles.

Companion Planting for Benefiting other Plants

Many times, planting certain plants together is also for practical reasons. Planting lettuce next to corn means that the lettuces can be shaded during hot summers.

When you plant cabbages in the late summer, at the same time, and in the same bed, you can also plant garlic. Where cabbages will use of a lot of nutrients, and where the cabbages will be harvested in the autumn, the garlic will continue growing until the following summer resulting in good crops for both.

Planting mint with your cabbages will protect them against the cabbage worm

Chives and onions planted near carrots will help also deter the presence of carrot rust flies.

Radishes when planted next to Chervil benefit from the shade the herb casts, and the result is lovely juicy radishes that are not woody at all.

Beans are heavy feeders and therefore it is advisable to companion plant it with something less greedy. Therefore mustard is a perfect companion.

Companion Planting for Attracting good Insects

You may be surprised to learn that companion herbs can be planted with good effect.

The common dandelion that some see as a scourge in the garden should think again. It is now known that dandelions attract pollinating insects. Furthermore, they also release ethylene which is a gas that encourages fruit setting and fruit ripening.

Daisies, dill, corriander and parsley are all good for attracting beneficial insects into the garden. The pollen they provide make them wonderful bee plants, but in addition they also attract parasitic wasps that prey on insect pests. These plants should be planted throughout the garden at regular intervals as many of these wasps are tiny and fly only over short distances.

Corriander also known as cilantro is will attract beneficial insects like baraconid wasps, hover flies and lacewings.

Mint attracts hover flies and spiders.

Fennel attracts braconid wasps, hover flies, lacewings, ladybirds.

Tansy attracts insidious flower flies, lacewings, ladybirds, and parasitic waspsp.

Yarrowattracts bees, hover flies, ladybirds and parasitic wasps.

Larger predatorial insects like lacewings and hoverflies also feed on pollen. By allowing these plants to go to seed, not only are you keeping the insect population in check, but you can save seeds at the same time for next planting season.

Other Good Companion Plants:

Queen Anne's lace attracts hover flies, ladybirds and spiders.

Flowering buckwheat attracts a whole host of good bugs; hover flies, lacewings, ladybirds, minute pirate bugs, predatory wasps and tachinid flies.

Sweet alyssum attracts braconid wasps, chalcids and hover flies.

Companion Planting

COMPANION PLANTING BENEFITS HOW IT ALL WORKS EXAMPLES
Having Deep Roots Brings nutrients to the surface, benefiting other plants. Comfrey, Jerusalem artichoke, dandelion.
Enriching the Soil Build up of minerals in leaves. Excrete material from their roots.

Plants add nitrogen to the soil.

Comfrey, dandelion and stinging nettles.

Marigolds’ root exudate is fatal to nematodes.

Beans excrete mycorrhiza, which benefits plant roots.

Peas & peas ‘fix nitrogen’.

Strong-Smelling Plants Oil in some plants has fragrance that repels insects. Garlic, pyrethrum and rosemary
Attracting Pollinators Flowers attract pollinators, increasing yields. Yellow and blue flowers attract bees eg. blue borage.
Attracting Other Predators Plants attract other predators to the pests that attack them. Parsley, celery and carrot family attract hover flies. Their larvae consume aphids, when in seed.
Confusing Pests Planting close together causes camouflage of odor and appearance. Pennyroyal camouflages cabbage smell and celery camouflages cabbage shape.

GOOD COMPANION PLANTING for VEGETABLES and HERBS

  • Asparagus with tomatoes and parsley
  • Basil with tomatoes, asparagus, beans, grapes, apricots and fuchsias
  • Beans with carrots, cauliflower, cucumbers, cabbage, celery, potatoes and sweetcorn
  • Dwarf beanswith cabbages and winter savory
  • Broad Beans with corn, early potatoes, and intercrop with spinach
  • Beets with onion, dwarf beans and kohlrabi
  • Borage with strawberries
  • Broccoli and Cabbage with dill, potatoes, sage, rosemary and mint
  • Brussel Sprouts with peppermint and spearmint
  • Carrots with lettuce, chives, peas, aided by dill in early stages, but dill must be removed before it flowers. Carrot fly repelled by onions, leeks, rosemary, wormwood, and sage
  • Cauliflowerwith celery, lad's love, rosemary, pennyroyal
  • Celeriac with leeks - plant in alternate rows, and scarlet runner beans
  • Celery with beans
  • Chives with carrots, cucumbers, onions and tomatoes. Onions and chives when interplanted with carrots repel both onion and carrot fly without competing for nutrients below the soil. Good to plant with roses to keep away aphids
  • Citrus with guava trees
  • Corn with potatoes, beans, peas, melons, squash, pumpkins, cucumbers
  • Cucumbers with corn, cabbages, chives, marjoram, oregano, early potatoes and radishes.
  • Eggplants with beans and potatoes
  • Fruit Trees with chives, nasturtiums, nettles, tansy, horseradish, lad's love, and garlic
  • Garlic withroses, apples, apricots and peaches
  • Geraniums with grapes
  • Gooseberries with tomatoes
  • Grapes with mulberries and mustard greens, hyssop, elm trees and tansy
  • Horseradish with almost any fruit tree
  • Hyssop with cabbages and grapes
  • Irises with roses
  • Kale - cabbage moth is repelled by tomatoes, sage, rosemary, hyssop, thyme, mint, wormwood, lad's love
  • Leeks with celery, celeriac, carrots
  • Lettuce with carrots, onions, radishes, chervil and strawberries
  • Marigolds (French)with tomatoes, roses, potatoes, daffodils and beans
  • Melons with sweetcorn and radish
  • Mint with cabbages and other brassicas, and peas
  • Nasturtiums with cucumbers, zucchini, squash
  • Onions with beets, carrots, kohlrabi and turnips. Also winter savory and chamomile (1 plant every 4 yards).
  • Parsley with roses, asparagus and tomatoes
  • Peas with carrots, radish, cucumbers, onions, sweetcorn, beans
  • Potatoes with beans, sweet corn, cabbage, peas, marigolds, eggplant and horseradish
  • Pumpkins with beans, sweet corn, cabbage, peas, marigolds and horseradish
  • Radishes with peas, lettuce, nasturtiums and cucumbers
  • Roses with grapevines, garlic, onions, chives, lupins, mignonette and marigolds
  • Sage with cabbages
  • Spinach with strawberries
  • Strawberries with beans, lettuce, borage and spinach
  • Sunflowers with squash and sweetcorn
  • Tomatoes with asparagus, nettles, basil, cabbage, parsley, French marigolds, nasturtium and cucumbers. When you plant tomatoes with brassicas (cabbages, broccoli, etc.)they help reduce the pest numbers for both types of vegetables.
  • Turnips with peas
  • Thyme with any Brassica
  • Wallflowers with apples

BAD COMPANION PLANTING FOR VEGETABLES

  • Apples with potatoes. Do not store with carrots
  • Artichokes with garlic
  • Broccoli with strawberries
  • Beans with garlic, onions, fennel, early potatoes
  • Cabbages with strawberries and tomatoes
  • Cauliflowers with tomatoes
  • Cucumbers with potatoes
  • Garlic with peas and beans
  • Gladioli with strawberries, beans and peas
  • Hyacinths with carnations
  • Lettucewith fennel
  • Mint with parsley
  • Onions with all beans and peas as inhibits growth
  • Peas with potatoes
  • Potatoes with tomatoes and sunflowers
  • Pumpkin with potatoes
  • Radish with potatoes
  • with potatoes and blackberries
  • Runner Beans with beets
  • Spinach with cabbages
  • Sunflowers with any vegetable but squash
  • Tomatoes with fennel, potatoes and kohlrabi
  • Turnips with mustard
  • Wormwood with just about everything
So next time you are planting your vegetables and flowers choose their neighbors carefully. When looking at people some neighbors are helpful, beneficial and nice to have around. Others are spawned in Hell and do untold damage. Make sure that the next time you plant out, you choose good neighbors for your flowers and vegetables!

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I have discovered when using nasturtiums as a companion plant the yellow flowered ones get attacked by white butterfly so a friend suggested I plant a …

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